Cosmetic dentistry is aimed at creating a positive change to your teeth and to you smile. As a result it increases the overall appearance of the individual. This increase the self confidence of the individual which is essential for success whether in the workplace or in the social circle. Cosmetic dentistry focuses on the improvement of dental esthetics in terms of colour, position, shape, size and alignment.
This can be done by one of the following processes:
- Crowns / Bridges
- Teeth Whitening / bleaching
- Gum Reshaping / Gum Re-contouring
It is a tooth colored filling material which can also be used to build the missing tooth structure or close the gaps between the teeth. As it is bonded to the tooth it does not provide a permanent solution.Orthodontics:
Braces / Invasalign are used to correct the positions of the teeth. Braces with Nickel-Titanium wires or tooth colour braces can be placed in the lingual or parallel side of teeth which slowly pushes the teeth to the ideal position in the jaw. It takes around 1.5 to 2 years for the treatment.Veeners:
It can be made of ceramic or composite materials and is approximately 0.5-1 mm thick. It is brittle in nature and is bonded to the labial surface (area visible) during a smile. By analogy, it can be c to mica sheet which is also brittle but once bonded to the ply or wood it almost have a similar appearance as that of the wood. It is one of the best methods which can correct the shape, size, colour of the teeth without affecting the natural teeth.Crown / Bridge:
It is fabricated in the lab and can be made of different materials like acrylic/ metal/ (metal + ceramic)/ ceramic. It provides high strength to the remaining tooth structure. The tooth structure lost due to decay/ fracture / or other reasons are reconstructed by fixing the crown. It involves of cutting the tooth structure from all around and taking a impression which is sent to the lab for fabrication. It is recommended after the root canal treatment(RCT). If the crown is not fixed, RCT will eventually fail. Root canal treatment is not complete if the crown is not fixed. Average cost in Lucknow is between Rs. 2500/- to 14000/- depending upon the materials used.Teeth Cleaning / Scaling:
In the cleaning process an ultrasonic instrument is applied on the outermost part of the tooth which causes removal of stain/ plaque/ calculus attached to the teeth.Tooth bleeching / Tooth whitening:
Tooth bleeching / Tooth Whitening is similar to facial bleeching. Various chemicals are used in strong concentrations to change the colour the tooth/ teeth. This method is normally used for mild to moderately discolored teeth.Dental Implants:
Dental implants are actually small screws made of Titanium (Grade 5). Dental implants are placed in the area of missing teeth the jaw bone. It is trusted comfortable way of replacing the missing teeth. Dental Crowns are generally placed an top of these implants. The average cost for a dental implant is between Rs. 25000/- to 50000/- per tooth depending on the quality of implant used. Dental implants of Chinese make are economical but are not very successful.Gum Recontouring / Gingival esthetics:
It plays a very important role as far as smile designing is concerned. Specially the anteriors should have same size and shape as compared to the adjacent contralateral teeth. For esthetics we may need to cut the gums to bring it at the same level as the adjacent sides. This can be achieved by Blade/ Electrocoutery/ Laser. For fast healing process laser removal is recommended.
A dental implant is a screw made of Titanium (Grade V) that is surgically positioned in the jaw bone by replacing the decayed natural tooth root beneath the gums. Once in place they allow the dentist to mount a crown/ cap over the dental implant.
Dental implants may be an option for people who have lost there tooth/ teeth due to tooth decay, injury, gum diseases or some kind of natural bone loss.
What are the advantages of dental implants:
- A dental implant provides fixed treatment alternative for missing natural tooth/ teeth and the one which feels more natural and comfortable than any other method of replacing missing teeth.
- Dental Implants are more reliable and pain free once the treatment is over. Compared to dentures and other removable alternatives (which are placed on the gums in the position of missing teeth) it is virtually maintenance free. In case of removable dentures, force is applied to the gums during chewing process. These force is transfered into gums which is a soft tissue and can cause iritation and pain. In case of implants the forces are transferred to the jawbones in the same manner as that of natural tooth/ teeth.
- Improved Appearance: Improved Appearance: Improved comfort during chewing, improved speech, improved self-confidence and improved durability of the artificially replaced teeth.
Only few health conditions increase the risk of implant failures. Among those are poor oral hygiene, uncontrolled diabetes, long term use of steroid, heavy smoking, certain bone related diseases, trauma due to accident, site of the implant placement, and infection of the surrounding zone.
In general, dental implants have the success rate of upto 98% and with proper care it can last a lifetime. Dental implants success rate also depends on the type of implants used; experience and in expertise of the dentist; equipments and technology used. Hygienic clinical practices along with the stringent sterilization process is among the most important factors for the success of dental implants.How painful are the dental implants:
Most people who have received dental implants say that very little discomfort is experienced under local anesthesia and during the procedure. Many patients report that a implant procedure involves less pain than tooth extraction/ removal.Cost of dental implants:
Cost of a dental implant in India depends on the brand of the implant. South Korean and Chinese implants are cheaper while Swiss and German implants almost expensive. Cost of a dental implant in India ranges from Rs. 25000/- to 55000/- .